The Story Of Science
Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, and astrological practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology,
a discipline long interwoven with public and governmental astronomy,
and not completely disentangled from it until a few centuries ago in
the Western World (see astrology and astronomy). Early astronomy involved observing the regular patterns of the motions of visible celestial objects, especially the Sun, Moon, stars and naked eye planets. Study of the changing position of the Sun along the horizon or the changing appearances of stars in the course of the year could be used to establish an agricultural or ritual calendar. In some cultures astronomical data was used for astrological prognostication.